Questions and Answers
Please explain Galatians 3:28 :
Galatians 3:28 (NASB) 28There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Gentiles who by trusting Yeshua (Jesus) and staying faithful to Him have become “children of God,” (John 1:12) who have immersed themselves in the Messiah Jesus, have clothed themselves with the Messiah, are equal partners with Jewish people in the Body of Messiah (the Church), declared righteous by God without having to adopt any further distinctives. This is the point the Rabbi Paul makes in his writings:
Romans 3:22 (NASB) 22even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
Romans 3:29-30 (NASB) 29Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.
1 Corinthians 12:13 (NASB) 13For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.
These are just a few of the verses that express the same idea.
But, there is a terrible mistake and misuse in concluding that there isn’t an earthly distinction between slave and free, male and female, and Jew and Gentile.
The Bible recognizes that there are differences between various groups,
The Older and New Testaments has different commands for men and women, husbands and wives, parents and children, slaves and masters, leaders and followers, and widows and other women.
Similarly there remain differences between Jewish people and Gentile people. Differences in cultural backgrounds and religious upbringing, differences in what God has promised them as people (but not racial differences, as antisemites claim), and differences in what they are commanded to do.
The message of Galatians 3:28 is that equality and fellowship must be preserved. The witness to the unbelieving world is that our Messiah reconciles Jewish people and Gentile people and not to suppress their Jewish or Gentile identity.
Jewish people and Gentile people are to maintain their identities while relating to each other in love and thus manifesting unity.
Therefore Jewish and Gentile believers must treat each other as equals before God. They must treat each other as having equal worth as human beings. So must believing slaves and freemen, and likewise believing men and women.
This is the simple lesson being taught to us in Galatians 3:28 and nothing more.